The objectives of the study were: (1) To study the vocational preference of the professions which intermediate science students aspire to join after the completion of course. (2) To study the general mental ability of the intermediate science students aspiring to join engineering and medical courses. (3) To study the socio-economic background of the science students seeking admission to engineering and medical courses. (4) To study the various educational facilities available to the students who are keen to join engineering and medical courses. (5) To find out what preparation students are making regarding admission to the professional courses. (6) To know the reasons due to which they prefer professional courses.
Out of 23 districts of Uttar Pradesh, four districts, such as, Deoria, Jaunpur, Ghazipur and Kaushambi were selected randomly by using lottery method along with Gorakhpur, Varanasi, and Allahabad. Institutes were selected purposely. Sample comprised of 800 boys and 480 girls of intermediate belonging to institutions selected by incidental sampling method.The General Mental Ability Test by M.C. Joshi, Socio-Economic Status Questionnaire (Test-Retest reliability=0.75), Questionnaire on Educational Facilities Available to the Intermediate Science Students (Test-Retest reliability =0.84), Questionnaire related with preparation for Admission to Professional Courses (Test-Retest reliability=0.82) and Checklist Showing Reasons for Preferring Certain Professional Courses were constructed and standardized by the Investigator.
The study used survey method.
The data collected was. analyzed with the help of mean, standard deviation, percentage, critical ratio and correlation coefficient.
Findings of the study were: (1) The students pursuing intermediate science courses with Zoology, Botany and Chemistry aspired to join Medical, Pharmacy, Veterinary Science and Nursing courses where as students pursuing intermediate course with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics aspired to join Engineering, B.C.A., Refrigeration, B.B.A., Industrial Metallergy, Bio-Engineering, Polytechnic and B.SC. (IT) courses. (2) There was a variation in the choice of profession of boys and girls. Girls aspired to join limited number of courses, like, engineering, medical, BCA, pharmacy, BBA, craft, dress designing, stitching, nursing, cookery, interior decoration and commercial pilot. (3) Choice of vocational courses varies by locale, 63% urban boys preferred to join Engineering courses where as 65.75% rural boys aspired to join engineering courses, 30% urban boys aspired to join medical courses, where as 28.5% of rural boys aspired to join medical courses. (4) Among urban girls 56.6% aspired to join engineering courses where as 73.33% rural girls aspired to join engineering course. Only 54.58% urban girls wished to join medical courses while 25% of the rural girls wished to join medical courses. (5) Average mental ability scores of urban and rural boys aspiring to join engineering courses were found to be 54.16% and 42.55% respectively and in case of the students aspiring to join medical courses having average mental ability scores were 57.4% and 47.68% respectively. Average mental ability of the urban and rural girls aspiring to join engineering courses were 47.13% and 41.77% respectively and for those aspiring to join medical courses, these value were 54.18% and 47.45% respectively. (6) The average SES scores of urban and rural boys aspiring to join engineering courses were found to be 65.56 and 50.17 respectively and for those students aspiring to joining medical courses the value of SES scores were found to be 74.14 and 59.15 respectively. The SES scores of urban and rural girls aspiring to joining engineering courses are 46.66 and 64.424 respectively and in case of students aspiring to join medical course the average value of socio-economic status score of urban and rural students were 80.27 and 72.97 respectively. (7) General preparation level for admission to professional courses of urban students was generally better than that of the rural students. (8) Regarding educational facilities, urban students had more facilities than the rural students. (9) The general mental ability of the students aspiring to join medical courses was greater than that of the students aspiring to join engineering courses. (10) Students aspiring to join medical courses were found to be belonging to higher SES background than those wishing to join engineering courses. (11) The level of preparation of the students keen to join medical courses was found to be greater than that of the engineering courses aspirants. (12) The students who aspired to join medical profession had greater educational facilities and those who aspired to join engineering courses had fewer educational facilities.
Keyword(s): Intermediate Science Students, Professional Courses, Mental Ability, Socio-Economic , Self Preparation