Art Education is important for the development of holistic personality of learners and many policies in India have been suggested systematic implementation of Art Education in Indian schools. But this area is still neglected and needs proper implementation at different levels of schools. Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) is stipulated by a liberal licensing policy that makes it possible to be obtained free of change alongwith the source code. FOSS has many advantages and one of the important advantage is that it is increasing growth of knowledge based society. Keeping in mind the benefits of FOSS, an experiment was done by imparting Art Education to secondary school students through FOSS. The experiment revealed positive result of the FOSS in Art Education. This paper highlights need of Art Education at school level, FOSS in Art Education, experiment of FOSS with secondary school students and its outcomes.
One division of standard IX of Navrachna School, Baroda, was selected for the experiment and all 35 students of the selected division were included in the experiment. The students were made aware about the different FOSS related to Art Education and how to use them in creating visual art. The benefits of FOSS were also described to them. The standard IX students were made aware about the different activities of visual art viz., Doodle, Pop-art, Painting, Still-life and Composition.
All sessions were observed with focusing on the creativity, behaviour,creation of art work by using FOSS and improvement in their art work.
The present study was experiment type in nature. Keeping in mind the basic objectives of teaching of Art Education i.e. introducing the students to new media and techniques and their use and developing creative expression among them, an experiment with secondary school students has been tried out. An attempt has been made to achieve basic objectives of the Art Education through the use of FOSS into creating visual art. The emphasis was made to use FOSS at maximum level in creating the said concepts of Art Education.
The outcomes were noted down and analyzed in content form. Discussion was also held with the students to know their views about the use of FOSS in Art Education.
Based on the experiment, following results were obtained. (1) Students could take advantage of the qualities and characteristics of art media, techniques, and processes to enhance communication of their experiences and ideas.(2) Students generalized the effects of visual structures and functions and reflected upon these effects in their own work. (3) Students integrated visual, spatial, and temporal concepts with content to communicate intended meaning in their artworks. (4) Students compared multiple purposes for creating works of art. (5) Students combined different techniques and tools in their drawing to add visual interest. (6) Students used the line tools to draw perfectly straight lines. (7) Students composed with the shape tools by drawing triangles, circles and squares. (8) Students overlapped and intersected them to create abstract drawings. (9) Students used the colour fill tool to add hues to their shapes and in the spaces between them. (10) Students made use of the eraser tool when they made a mistake. (11) Students painted over larger areas with white when they did not like them. (12) Students found to be creative and the tools lead them into experimenting with lines, shapes and colours. (13) Students printed out and framed their best drawings and used them as backgrounds on their computer screen.
Keyword(s): Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), Secondary School, Open Source Software