Objectives of the study :1. To develop and standardize a Teacher Self-Concept Scale.2. To study the self-concept of the Secondary School Teachers in relation to the intra-variables sex, marital status, experience in teaching and level of education.3. To study the mental health of the Secondary School Teachers in relation to sex, marital status, experience in teaching and level of education. 4. To study the level of adjustment of the Secondary School Teachers in relation to sex, marital status, experience in teaching and level of education. 5. To study the relationship between self concept and mental health, self concept and adjustment, and mental health and adjustment. 6. To find out the relationship between the predicting variables, namely, mental health and adjustment and the criterion variable, namely, self concept.7. To set a prediction equation between self concept and mental health and adjustment scores of teachers.8. To find out the contribution of the predicting variables like mental health and adjustment individually and in combination to the criterion measure of self concept in terms of proportion variance.
The sample of 352 secondary school of the undivided Puri district has been well drawn through random sampling.
The Self- Concept Scale has been systematically standardized through a sample of 400 in-service teachers drawn from 13 Teacher Training Institutes. RCE, Mental Health Scale (Anand, S.P., 1986), and Mangal’s Teacher Adjustment Inventory (MTAI, 1979) have been suitably used for assessment of Mental Health, and Adjustment.
It is a co-relational and ex-post facto study.
The data have been analyzed using suitable statistical techniques, namely, measures of central tendency and variability, t-value, zero order correlation, partial correlation and multiple correlations.
Findings of the Study:The Study reveals that Female, unmarried, less qualified and more experienced teachers are found to be in possession of better self- concept than male, married, more qualified,less experienced teachers. There existed no statistically significant difference between the married and unmarried teachers in regard to mental health. Teachers differed sex-wise in regards to their adjustment level resulting in favour of females. Educational Background-wise difference was also significant between teachers in relation to adjustment, but teachers did not differ significantly inrelation to their qualification or marital status. Coefficient of correlation between all the variables has been found to be highly significant. The multiple correlation value between the self concept and mental health as well as adjustment taken together has been found to be 0.868 which is significant at .01 levels. Contribution of Mental Health variable to self concept in terms of proportion variance is found to be 49% while it is 26% in case of Adjustment. Mental Health and Adjustment of Secondary School Teachers are the major factors which have been found to influence the development of their self concept both individually as well as combined. The contribution of Mental Health is more in this regard followed by Adjustment.
Keyword(s): Mental Health, Adjustment, Secondary School Teachers, Self Concept