(i)To understand and map the Indian educational scene from two major perspectives, namely, gender disadvantages in education, employment and progress of socialization.(ii) To study the vital role of gender socialization in shaping the career and educational orientation of the young students of Orissa.
The sample comprised of 350 students from medical college, engineering college and government aided degree college Khurda, Orissa.
The data for the present study were collected from both primary and
secondary sources. Primary sources were personal interview with
students and group discussions and secondary sources were government and
non-government reports, statistical information from bureau of
statistics, census report from district statistical hand book and
economic survey of Orissa, related literature and district gazettes of
Orissa. Tool of data collection was interview schedule constructed by the investigator.
The study was descriptive survey type.
Data was analyzed by using content analysis technique and computing percentage.
The findings of study were: (1) Majority of the respondents irrespective of gender have given their opinion that they are most attached to their mother. With regard to childhood friendship, most of the students used to be friendly with both boys and girls. It shows that during childhood, gender identification is not as distinct as it becomes during adulthood. (2) There is a significant difference between the male and female and the kind of game played during the childhood. Maximum number of boys play out door games as compared to the girls. (3) On the family factor, the data show that there is a strong gender bias which exists among both boys and girls. (4) With regard to decision making, majority of the respondents among boys and girls in various disciplines have given their opinion that father plays a very important role in decision making. The strong preference that mother or women should cook and father or male members in the household should take the major decisions was evident among the respondents across gender, disciplines, caste, religion and family background. (5) It has revealed that female students would like to take up a job more for economic independence than their male counter parts, where as the male students give more importance on the necessity for which they take up a job. (6) Study also revealed that more number of girls help their mother in household work. (7) With regard to time restriction on mobility of the students, girls are more restrict to return home within stipulated time period. (8) Majority of the boys have given their opinion that they consider cine stars and cricket players as their role models. Where as, majority of girls have mentioned names of their family members, teachers and eminent personalities especially the women personalities as their role models. (9) Punishment as well as reward are part of gender learning, which as established is the content of social learning theory. Majority of the male respondents were punished during childhood, where as for female respondents the degree is much less. The nature of punishment also varies for both boys and girls. (10) Data reveal that education plays a significant role for employment opportunities. Students have shown the stereotyped choices for discipline selection, by most of the respondents, across gender and discipline.
Keyword(s): Gender Education, Socialization Process, Educational and Occupational Orientation, College Students, Orrisa