N, Parasar. (2000). Parenting Models Anxiety and Economic Status as Correlates of the Value-Conflicts among College going Adolescents of Aligarh. Unpublished. Ph.D., Psychology of Education. Dr.B.R Ambedkar University, Agra.
The objectives of the study were: (1) To ascertain the effect of perceived parenting as both the role-ships of mothering and fathering on the growth of value and their associated conflicts. (2) To ascertain the effect of anxiety on the growth of values and their associated conflict. (3) To ascertain the interactive effect at bi-vairate level, namely, between both role-ship of mothering and fathering and anxiety. (4) To ascertain the interactive effect at bi-variate level between both the role-ships of perceived parenting and economic status. (6) To ascertain the interactive effect at bi-variate level between anxiety and economic status. (7) To ascertain the interactive effect at tri-variate level among perceived parenting in terms of both the roles, anxiety and economic status. (8) To determine the value patterns of adolescents who perceived their parenting as adequate and inadequate regarding both the role-ships of anxiety and of economic status. (9) To make a sound appraisal of the problems and potentials of Indian adolescents as regards to inculcation of pro-social values and de-escalation of their conflicts if any. (10) To open up new avenues for deeper probes and researches that can assists the convivial growth of well equipped personalities to conquer the social morbidity.
The hypotheses of the study were: (1) If parenting is allowed to operate, it may affect value-conflicts. (2) If anxiety is allowed to operate, it may affect value conflicts. (3) If economic status is allowed to operate, it may affect value conflicts. (4) If parenting and anxiety are allowed to operate, they may interact in the set. (5) If parenting and economic status are allowed to operate, they may interact in the set. (6) If anxiety and economic status are allowed they may interact in the set. (7) If parenting, anxiety and economic status are allowed to operate they may interact among themselves.
Sample comprised 1169 intermediate college going students of Aligarh.
Tools used were- Comprehensive Anxiety Test by H. Sharma, R.L. Bhardwaj and M. Bhargava, Parenting Scale by R.L. Bhardwaj, H. Sharma and A. Garg, Socio-Economic Status Scale by R.L. Bhardwaj, S. Gupta and N.S. Chauhan, and Value Conflict Scale by R.L. Bhardwaj.
The study was of Ex-Post-Facto type. For data analysis F-test and Duncan’s Range Test were used.
The findings of the study were: (1) Evaluation vs fortitude value conflict with a tendency towards fortitude emerged as prominent feature of Indian adolescents. Anxiety both promoted and demoted evaluation and fortitude value conflict. The adolescents of both the middle and low economic status possess evasion vs fortitude with a tendency towards fortitude than that of high economic status group who showed evasion vs fortitude value conflicts with a tendency towards evasion. (2) The Indian adolescents possessed dependence vs self-reliance value conflicts with a tendency towards self-reliance as their general trend. In addition to it, adequate parenting emerged as a high need either for the inculcation of self-reliance or de-escalation of the existed conflict associated to it. The existed trends of self-reliance, conflicts associated with it. The existed trend of self-reliance, dependence, dependence vs self-reliance, value conflict with a tendency towards dependence or towards self-reliance might be said to be the resultant of anxiety. Under the interactive condition with other two variables, adolescents of high and low economic status were self-reliant than adolescents of middle economic status. (3) Indian adolescents showed selfishness vs probity value conflict with a tendency towards selfishness. The role of fathering was found to be more conducive for the inculcation of probity value assumption. A marked difference existed between high anxious and less anxious adolescents of low economic status who perceived their mothering as adequate in relation to the growth of tendencies towards probity and selfishness respectively. Less anxious adolescents of low economic status had probity only when they perceived adequate mothering. (4) Indian adolescents showed hate vs love value-conflict with a tendency towards love in general. Inadequate mothering or fathering was found to be negatively associated with hate on one hand and adequate mothering and fathering emerged as important correlate of hate vs love value-conflict with a tendency towards hate. Adolescents of middle economic status had greater value-conflict with a tendency towards hate than the adolescents of high economic status. (5) Indian adolescents were equipped with fear in general prevalence of fear might be dependent on the resultant of high level of anxiety. Economic status demonstrated fear under different treatments of other two variables. No relation existed between the roles of parenting and assertiveness. (6) Prevalence of pragmatic out look among Indian adolescents needed clinical care. Role of fathers might be deemed of utmost importance for the inculcation of idealism. Anxiety promoted pragmatism in general and adolescents of low economic status were more pragmatic than adolescents of middle economic status.
Keyword(s): Anxiety, Economic Status, Correlates, Value-Conflicts, College, Adolescents