The objectives of this
were: (1) To find out the level of art appreciation,
creativity, cognitive style of Secondary students of Rajasthan. (2) To compare
the art-appreciation, creativity, cognitive styles of boys and girls, the rural
and urban pupils and the pupils residing in various cultural regions of
Rajasthan. (3)To investigate the
inter relationship between the three main variables of the study, that is,
art-appreciation, creativity, cognitive styles. (4) To construct and
standardize a test to measure the level of art-appreciation of the students.
Seven hundred twenty students (360 boys and 360
girls) for Class X of the schools situated in rural and urban areas of the six
major cultural regions of Rajasthan (i.e. Mewar, Marwar, Hadauti, Malwa,
Shekhawati and Vagar cultural regions) formed the sample of the study.
Art-appreciation Test (AAT) was constructed by
the investigator. Baquer Mehdis standardized Creative Thinking Test and Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) developed by Oltman, Raskin and Witkin
were used for the measurement of the creativity and cognitive styles of the
subject of the study. The survey method was employed in this research.
Statistical techniques such as
t-Test and analysis of variance were used for analyzing the data of the study.
The findings of this study were: (1) The split-half reliability
and the test-retest reliability of all AAT are 0.6192 and 0.765 respectively.
This test also has good face validity, content validity and constructs
validity. (2) The male and female students of Secondary classes of Rajasthan do
not differ significantly in terms of verbal creativity and its components
except the ability of elaboration where the difference between male and female
is significant. (3)Near about half of the total Secondary students of Rajasthan
(46.8%) came under the broad category of global field perceptual performers of field
dependent cognitive style. On the other hand less than ¼ of the total students
(22.78%) possess analytical field perceptual performance or field independent
cognitive style, and the remaining percentage (30.43%) of students possess
average field central cognitive style.
Keyword(s): Art-Appreciation, Creativity, Cognitive Style