The objectives of the study were: (1) To determine if there is any difference between Working and Non-Working Women in respect to Home, Social, Emotional, Marital, Health and overall Adjustment. (2) To find out whether Working and Non-Working Women differ as far as their Familial Role Expectations are concerned. (3) To study the differences in the Modernized Outlooks of Women (Working/non-Working) in respect to Religion, Education, Family Planning, Women s Freedom, Sex-bias, Women s Status, Marriage, Caste, Family Structure and overall Modernization. (4) To assess the effect of employment on Modernization, Adjustment and Familial Role Expectations of women on varying their level of Education (total) or controlling it (moderately educated / highly educated). (5) To know the variations between Working and Non-Working Women in relation to Age, Caste, Family Structure and Income on all the three variables chosen under study, i.e., Adjustment, Familial Role Expectations and Modernization.
The findings of the study were: (1) Variation was revealed between Working and Non-Working Women on different areas of Adjustment, but they were found almost similar in respect to overall Adjustment. The finding remained consistent even when the different variables e.g., Age Caste, Family Structure, Income were controlled. (2) The Working and Non-Working Women varied significantly in respect to Familial Role Expectations. In view of overall Familial Role Expectations, both Working and Non-Working Women were found almost similar. (3) Level of Education was not identified as determinant of Familial Role Expectations. Whereas Age, Type of Family, Caste and Income had influenced the Familial Role Expectations of Working and Non-Working Women very significantly. (4) The Working Women had shown a more Modernized outlook as compared to the Non-Working Women, on all the dimensions chosen under the study except towards Family Structure. In this case, the Non-Working Women had shown their preference for Nuclear Living. (5) Various independent variables like Age, Caste, Income, Family Structure, Level of Education had also influenced the Modernizing values to a certain extent.
Keyword(s): Family Role Expectations, Working and Non-Working Women