Objectives of the study: 1. To identify whether Government and Privately Managed high schools manifest variation in their organizational climate. 2. To identify those components on which different schools are stronger or weaker. 3. To determine whether any relationship exists between the type of school and teacher job satisfaction. 4. To determine whether any relationship exists between different types of schools and Headmaster’s working condition. 5. To determine whether the type of school bears any positive relationship with students’ achievement. The ultimate objective of the study is to make a comparative analysis between Government and Private secondary schools of Kamrup district of Assam.
A sample of 56 Government Schools and 19 Private Schools was drawn for the study. From each school the data were gathered from the Principal and 5 teachers. The samples were drawn employing suitable sampling techniques. The samples seem to be adequate and representative.
Organizational Climate Questionnaire was used by the investigator adopted on the basis of Organizational Climate Development Questionnaire (OCDQ) originally devised by Halpin and Croft. The questionnaires for the Headmasters and Teachers were used to collect information on the prevailing conditions of Government and Private Secondary schools.
The Pilot Study conducted by the investigator on 7 selected Secondary schools, Principal and 5 teachers from each school is quite appreciable. The Pilot study did help the investigator in building a theoretical framework for the Study.
The data gathered through OCDQ were first interpreted in the percentile form on each dimension, namely, Disengagement, Hindrance, Espirit and Intimacy related with Teacher’s behaviour, and Aloofness, Production Emphasis, Thrust and Consideration related with Leader’s behaviour and then placed in Frequency Table. So, the identification of each climate type was done appropriately. The data gathered from the Headmasters and Teachers were analyzed in terms of frequencies and % responses, and where-ever required the data were content analyzed.
Findings of the Study:The study has arrived at quite meaningful findings. Some of the revelations are as follows: 1. The organizational climate of the secondary schools of Kamrup district differs from one another. 2. The smaller the school better is the communication amongst the staff, which ultimately leads to the opening up of the climate. 3. There seems to be no relation between the climate and variables like qualification and experience of the teachers. 4. Teacher’s job satisfaction is more in an open climate. 5. Headmasters of the types of schools were found to enjoy a cordial relation with the staff members, particularly, the Headmasters of the Government schools. 6. Qualification and experience level of the teachers and headmasters working in both the types of institutions were found almost same. 7. Private schools were found to have an edge over the government schools in some of the infra-structural facilities. 8. The Government is suffering from scarcity of financial resources for providing infrastructure and developing quality of secondary education. 9. There is too much of political influence in the appointment of teachers of the Government schools, but which is not the case in Private schools. 10. Most of the teachers of the Government schools are satisfied with their job in the sense that they are getting a good salary, which is not the case amongst the Private school teachers. 11. Academic achievement of the Private school students is much higher than that of the Government school students. 12. Teachers of both the media agree that mother tongue is the best medium for starters, but for higher studies English is the need of the day. 13. Criticisms are labeled against the Private schools for too much of commercialization of education. The study has made quite meaningful suggestions for strengthening the secondary education.
Keyword(s): Organizational Climate, Government, Private, High Schools, Kamrup district, Comparative Study, Organization,Administration and Management