M, Singh. (1999). Role of Models and Psychological Types in Female Interest in their Choice of Science Careers. Unpublished. Ph.D., Psychology of Education. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University, Agra, U.P.
The objectives of the study were: (1) To study the extent to which the role models determine the scientific attitude of boys and girls. (2) To study the nature and extent of relationship that exists between individuals’ attitude towards science for their scientific career. (3) To study the nature and extent of relationship that exists between subjects’ attitude towards science and their psychological types. (4) To study the nature and extent of relationship that exists between subjects’ attitude towards science and technology. (5) To study the nature and extent of relationship that exists between subjects’ role models and their psychological types. (6) To study the cumulative effects of role models, psychological type and scientific attitude on scientific careers. (7) To ascertain differential interdependence of role models and preferences for scientific careers of boys and girls.
The hypotheses of the study were: (1) The boys and girls do not significantly differ on their role model scores. (2) The boys and girls do not differ significantly on their attitude towards science scores. (3) The boys and girls do not significantly differ on their respective correlation values obtained between their attitude towards science and their career preferences. (4) The psychological types of boys and girls do not statistically differ on their career preferences. (5) The role models of boys and girls do not discriminate them with regard to their career preferences scores. (6) The boys and girls in the subject sample are not statistically different from each other with regard to their cumulative effects on their career preferences.
Sample was comprised of 400 students of class XI science stream of Agra City.
Tools used were Role Model Test, Career Preference Test, Scientific Attitude Test, and Psychological Type Test constructed by investigator.
The present study was survey type.
Comparative analysis of the data was done using Correlation and t-test.
The findings of the study were: (1) The career preference of boys and girls were independent of their positive or negative attitude towards science. (2) The girls were found to have nurtured significantly higher and more positive attitude towards science than boys. (3) Psychological type of boys or girls was non-functional determinant of career preferences. Even otherwise, the differences of career choice were significant within the boys and girls. Psychological type had a bearing upon the career preferences of boys and girls. (4) In major part, the occupational choices were determined on the consideration of prestige value of the job in society and less on psychological type. (5) The culture seemed to play its role, the masculine and feminine jobs were discriminated.
Keyword(s): Psychological Types, Female, Choice , Science , Careers