The objectives of the study were:
(1) To know the socio-economic and cultural background of players among the
sample respondents. (2) To study the effect of urban and rural background of
the sports women on their performance in individual and group sports
activities. (3) To study the concept of players about the role of politics in
overall organization of sports and selection of team members for group sports
activities. (4) To assess the level of constraints as felt by the sports women
and their effect on individual players and team as a unit. (5) To study the
attitude of sports women towards physical education and self development. The
null hypotheses was that the social factor significantly does not influence the
participation of rural and urban college female students in sports.
The sample comprised 201 female students from
urban area and 199 female students from rural area.
Questionnaire and interview schedule developed by researcher were used for data collection.
The Survey method of research was used. All students belonged to different colleges of M.P.
Data were analyzed by frequency, average and chi-square test.
The findings of the study were: (1) The urban and rural background of the family, type of family and family size did not influence the extent of participation of the female students in sports and games. (2) The food habits, exposure to cinema, television, radio, newspaper and magazine did not influence the participation of female students in games and sports irrespective of rural and urban background. (3) The social taboos, like, purda system, and untouchability did not affect the participation of female students in sports and games irrespective of rural and urban background. (4) The attitude of non mixing with boys, hesitation of wearing of sport kit, family restriction, frequent traveling and going outside for longer period for participation affected the extant of participation by the female students in sports and games in rural as well as in urban areas. (5) More participation of female students in sports and games was observed where their family members had taken active participation in sports and games. However, occupation of parents did not affect the level of participation. (6) Social status and family income affected the participation of female students in games and sports in rural as well as urban area. (7) Political set-up, political instability and infrastructure facilities did not affect the participation of female students in games and sports irrespective of rural and urban background.
Keyword(s): Social Factor, Social Factor, Sports of Rural and Urban, Female Students